V Ginn. A&B Groups

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One Response to “V Ginn. A&B Groups”

  1. liceoclassicoavoltacolle Says:

    A democracy (a word from the Greek language, demokratia meaning rule by the people) is a form of government. In a democracy, certain people of a community choose their leaders. There are different ways to do this, but the process is usually called holding an election.

    Political parties are involved with politics. It may therefore look easy to pick a political party. The party that gets elected will then choose people to lead.

    Very often those leaders will also decide the laws.

    In a democracy, there are elections every few years where the people can vote and choose who they want to lead them, or choose the laws. The decision is made based on the number of votes. The side with the most votes wins.

    Examples of democracies are India, Mexico, United Kingdom and the United States.
    This kind of government was developed long ago by the ancient Greeks in the city of Athens. They had everyone who was a citizen (slaves, women, foreigners, and children could not vote) got together in one area. The Assembly would talk about what kinds of laws they wanted and voted on them. The Council would suggest the laws. In the Assembly, the participants are only the citizens. In the Council, they would pick them by draws(lot). The participants in the Council would change every year and the amount of people in the Council is maximum 500. The Greek citizens would pick a leader by writing the name of their favorite candidate on a piece of stone or wood. The candidate with the most votes became the leader.Kinds of Democracy

    There are two kinds of democracy: Direct and Indirect (also known as Representative democracy).

    In Direct Democracies, everyone has the right to make laws together. One modern example of direct democracy is a referendum, which is the name for the kind of way to pass a law where everyone in the community votes on it. Direct democracies are not usually used to run countries, because it is hard to get millions of people to get together all the time to make laws and other decisions. There is not enough time.

    In an Indirect, or Representative Democracy, people choose representatives to make laws for them. These people can be mayors, councilmen, Members of Parliament, or other government officials. This is a much more common kind of democracy. Large communities like cities and countries use this method, but it may not be needed for a small group.

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